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Rare Brass & Copper Ganga-Jumna Chambu Lota
Tanjore, South India
17th century

height: 19.5cm, diameter: 15cm, weight: 1,214g

This well-proportioned water vase or lota sits on a flared foot, has baluster form with a bulbous body, a thin knock and a wide mouth. It is of brass but inlaid
with copper strips about its body so that the body is decorated with alternating brass and copper stripes. It has been further decorated with incising or
engraving with scrolling flower and lotus petal motifs.

The interior rim has been engraved with an inscription most probably in
devanagari script but this has become worn over time.

This type of metalwork whereby copper and brass are used in the one item is known as
ganga-jumna metalware. 'Ganga' refers to the River Ganges and
'Jumna' to the River Jumna (also called Yamuna).  The Jumna is the longest tributary river of the Ganges in northern India. It travels a length of 1,376
kilometres (855 miles) before merging with the Ganges at Triveni Sangam, Allahabad, the site for the massive Kumbha Mela festival every twelve years. It is
the longest river in India that does not directly flow into the sea.

The water of one has a slight yellow hue on account of he alluvial mud suspended in its waters, whilst that of the other has a reddish hue, and so in this
vessel, the two rivers are represented by yellowish brass and reddish copper, with the combination ion the one vessel being symbolic of their merging and
mixing at Triveni Sangam.

Such a vessel was made to store lustral holy water, perhaps from the Ganges.

A vessel of similar form that combined copper and brass and which is attributed to the 17th century is illustrated in Zebrowski (1997, p. 213).

The vessel here has a superb wear and patina and is in fine condition. It is sculptural, well proportioned, and particularly pleasing.

References:
Harle J.C., and A. Topsfield, Indian Art in the Ashmolean Museum, Ashmolean Museum, 1987.
Zebrowski, M.,
Gold, Silver & Bronze from Mughal India, Alexandria Press, 1997.

Provenance: private collection, UK.

Inventory no.: 4703

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