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Unusually Large Cast Bronze Buddha
Java or Sumatra, Indonesia
Classical Period, 8th century

height (without stand): 21.9cm, width: 17.1cm, depth: 11.8cm, weight: 2,576g

This large Buddha is important for its size - it is much larger than most similar bronzes of this period. It shows the Buddha as a monk with his right shoulder
uncovered and seated on a double-petal lotus throne atop a raised, rectangular platform. An oval aureole with stylised flames and a vegetal crest is fused to
the rear of the platform. The Buddha has elongated ears, a sharp nose, and a prominent
usnisa.

The figure is seated in
vajrasana, with the right hand gesturing to the earth in the bhumisparsa mudra position. The posture, known as 'calling the earth to
witness', represents the moment when the Buddha was seated in meditation under the Bodhi tree during the evening before his enlightenment. Mara asked
him to name anyone who would give evidence that he had given alms, and the Buddha motioned to the earth with his right hand and said that the earth would
bear witness to that - in a previous incarnation when he was known as Vessantara, he had given alms to such an extent that the earth had begun to quake.

Aspects of this image suggest it is from central Java. The style is similar to the stone images of the Buddha associated with Borobodor temple in central Java,
although the example here also has strong Gupta influence in the face. However, similar bronzes have also been found in the Palembang region in Sumatra
too - although the fact of finding bronzes in a location need not mean they were manufactured there.

The bronze has a deep, incontrovertible patina. A small section of the bottom right of the base has been repaired with cast bronze and been micro welded, the
repair being largely invisible. The Buddha sits on a high-quality, custom-made stand.

References:
Fontein, J., et al, The Sculpture of Indonesia, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1990.
Kempers, A.J.B.,
Ancient Indonesian Art, CPJ ven der Peet (Amsterdam), 1959.
Lerner, M. & S. Kossak,
The Lotus Transcendent: Indian and Southeast Asian Art from the Samuel Eilenberg Collection, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New
York, 1991.
Lunsingh Scheurleer, P., & M.J. Klokke,
Ancient Indonesian Bronzes: A Catalogue of the Exhibition in the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam with a General
Introduction
, E.J. Brill, 1988.

Provenance:  private collection, London, UK

Inventory no.: 5364

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