Inventory no.: 1717

Koftgari Christian Indian Cross


Koftgari Gold-Inlaid Crucifix

Northern India

circa 1865

height: 7.5cm, width: 5.5cm, weight: 14g

This crucifix has been decorated on both sides with gold koftgari work (also spelt kuftgari and kuftkari), a technique of northern India. It is a form of damascening whereby sheet steel is engraved with the desired design and then silver or, as in this case, gold wire is hammered into the engraved grooves.

The form of this crucifix with each of its various ends terminating in three lobes is known as an ‘oriental crucifix’.

Both sides have been decorated with coriander leaf patterns along with arabesque scrolls.

A small, open loop is attached to the top of the crucifix.

It is unusual to have a Christian cross decorated with a technique normally seen on north Indian Muslim items such as pen boxes and dagger blades. Another example is illustrated in London’s Victoria & Albert Museum and illustrated in Barnard (2008, p. 81). The V&A cross appears to have been exhibited in the Paris Universal Exhibition of 1867 and was transferred to the V&A from the India Museum in 1879.


Barnard, N., Indian Jewellery, V&A Publishing, 2008.

Untracht, O.,

Metal Techniques for Craftsmen: A Basic Manual on the Methods of Forming and Decorating Metals, Robert Hale & Co., 1969.


UK art market

Inventory no.: 1717


Silver Filigree Crucifix

Goa or South India

18th-19th century

Gold Theva Work Silver Crucifix Overlaid with Gold

Partabargh, Rajasthan, India

19th century

Silver Crucifix

Kandy, Sri Lanka

19th century

The following crucifixes have been sold by us in the past but are reproduced here to show the variety of ‘native’ techniques used during colonial times to produce Christian crucifixes in India and Sri Lanka.