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Peranakan or Straits Chinese Beaded Case

Peranakan People, Straits Settlements or Sumatra, Indonesia
late 19th century

length: 14cm, width: 8.7cm



private collection, England

This beautiful case has stiffened sides that are covered with dark velvet on both sides which has been finely beaded with flowers and butterflies.

It might have served as a case for spectacles, or as a cover for a cheroot or cigarette case.  (Peranakan men in the Dutch East Indies would smoke home-made cigarettes – daun nipah – wrapped with dried nipah leaves, and these were stored in pouches like this.)

The example is unusual because of its oval shape.

It is from the Straits or Peranakan Chinese communities of either Sumatra or the Straits Settlements of Singapore, Penang or Malaysia.

Rocaille beads were made in southern France and were widely used in Singapore and the other Straits Settlements for beading slippers, wedding pillow ends, betel set mats and other paraphernalia associated with baba/nonya culture. The Straits Chinese referred to the beads as manek potong (‘cut beads’) and acquired them from street peddlers and specialist merchants for the purpose of beading and embroidery.

Similar cases ascribed to multiple purposes are illustrated in Tan (2010, p. 38), Ho (1987, p. 78), Ee (2008, p, 84-85) and Cheah (2010, p. 243 & 331).


Cheah, H.F., Phoenix Rising: Narratives in Nyonya Beadwork from the Straits Settlements, NUS Press, Singapore, 2010.

Cheah, H.F, Nyonya Needlework: Embroidery and Beadwork in the Peranakan World, Asian Civilisations Museum, 2017.

Cheo, K.B., A Baba Wedding, Marshall Cavendish, 2009.

Ee, R., et alPeranakan Museum A-Z Guide, Asian Civilisations Museum, 2008.

Ho, W.M., Straits Chinese Beadwork & Embroidery: A Collector’s Guide, Times Books International, 1987.

Khoo, J.E., The Straits Chinese: A Cultural History, The Pepin Press, 1996.

Tan, H., Sumatra: Isle of Gold, Asian Civilisations Museum, 2010.

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