Kammavaca Manuscript with Sarsekyo Binding Ribbon
probably Mandalay, Burma (Myanmar)
late 19th-early 20th century

length of covers: 63.5cm; width: 16cm
length of ribbon: 350cm (approx.)

This gilded and red and black lacquered kammavaca manuscript set comprises two wooden covers with shwe zawa work on the outer face and (unusually) the
reverse, sixteen leaves, and an embroidered binding ribbon.

The leaves of this example have been fabricated from saffron-coloured textile - most probably the old robes of a venerated monk as was the practice - and
then lacquered and cut into shape.
Kammavaca leaves can also be made from lacquered palm leaf, ivory, copper and brass sheets. The covers (both sides)
and the outer faces of the introductory leaves are decorated with
kinnara and other celestial beings within panels amid complex foliate scrolling borders.

Each leaf holds six lines of Pali script written in square Burmese script in black
magyi zi lacquer made from tamarind seed, between hatched (yazamat)
borders. Each leaf is numbered in Burmese script.

Kammavaca manuscripts were presented to novice monks and typically contained the rules and instructions of the monastery. Commissioning and presenting
such manuscripts earned the laity merit and often were presented to mark important life cycle events such as an important birthday, marriage or birth.

The ribbon in red and white cotton was used to bind the
kammavaca. It has been woven with a prayer called a sarsekyo - the text is in white against a red
background. Few of these have survived. They were woven by professional
sarsekyo ribbon weavers and also by ladies of rank as an act of devotion. The
text of this ribbon exhorts the devotee to give respect to the Buddha, to the Buddhist scriptures and to the
Sangha (Burmese monkhood).

Provenance: from a UK private collection

References: Singer, N., 'Kammavaca texts: their covers and binding ribbons', in Arts of Asia, May-June 1993.

Inventory no.: 368 SOLD

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The outside of one of the two wooden covers
The inside of one of the wooden covers
One of the two introductory leaves or pages