3076

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Indian Bronze Jain Image with Silver Inlay

Gujarat, Western India
dated Samvat 1697 (AD1775)

height: 14cm, width: 9.4cm, weight: 471g

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Provenance

UK art market

This bronze stela shows a central Jina in typical form. It is inlaid with silver and copper.

The principal Jina is seated on a cushion in-laid with alternating lozenges of silver and copper on a gaja-simhansaor elephant-lion throne. Together with the pair of standing jinas and two sitting jinas the central figure forms a ‘five-jina image’ or a pancatirthi. Other figures are attendants and celestial nymphs, some of which are seated while others stand.

The nine planets (navagraha) are represented on the plinth in two groups – one of five and the other of four.

Rising above the central Jina is a parasol from which a pendant border is suspended, and on top of which sits a narrow necked vase, the kalasha. The arch of the thone is topped by another kalasha.

In addition to the cushion, the Jina’s eyes, forehead, chest, and the throne’s top kalasha are all inlaid with lozenges of silver.

There is a description on the reverse in Devanagari script and a date Vikrama Samvat 1697 (which corresponds with circa 1775 in the western calendar.)

The image has plenty of wear and encrustation. Some of the inlays are missing, but overall, the image is without significant loss.

References

Pal, P., Indian Sculpture, Volume 2 – 700-1800, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 1988.

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